(Translated by Juan Felipe Sánchez García, BA)
German Deputy Harald Petzold, special guest of the 2nd. International Symposium on Gender Violence, Prostitution, Sexual Tourism and Trafficking, explained the relevance that has had the approach of sexual diversity in the prevention of violence in the LGBTI German communities, from his own experience in the work with not heteronormativity identities.
“In a society marked by migration, capitalism and the legalization of prostitution, the phenomenon of violence has a significant impact on people lives according to social inequality,” he said.
The European Parliament stressed the need to foster an awareness of sexual education that facilitates social transformation, as well as they also recognized the work of CENESEX and its Director, Dr. Mariela Castro Espín, which have been paradigms of these approaches, after she visited Germany in 2010.
The discussion table named: “Attention to survivors of violence”, was coordinated by MSc. Gabriel Coderch Díaz, director of the Reflection Group “Oscar Arnulfo Romero”. It was a special section of the second day in which specialists from Cuba and Canada noted the common points of work and the peculiarities of each affected population.
Advocates and feminist activists Grissel Orellana and María Clemencia Olaya recounted their experiences, first as women survivors, migrant, displaced by war conflicts in Latin America and then at the head of a project funded by the local Government of Toronto for the empowerment of women in social disadvantage and violence.
They job is to empower survivors of violence and assist victims in the process of social reintegration in their communities according to the peculiarities of each case, because, as they said, violence affects women in different ways.
Both noted the multiple contradictions of Canadian society which, despite being a first world country, it invests very little public expense according to the local and social development.
Ivon Ernand Thames, specialist of the Center Oscar Arnulfo Romero (OAR, Spanish acronyms), exhibited the work of this institution through counseling services and facilitators training in terms of gender violence, despite the pitfalls in public policies for the attention of women survivors in Cuba.
She insisted on the need for an articulated platform of services in order to protect victims and assist perpetrators. She also recognized the strengths of the Cuban health system, its community-based approach and its progress on gender made by the Cuban Revolution since 1959.
Also, she stressed the importance of “territorialize violence” and “do a survey of the felt needs of women” in the construction of a political agenda that opposite gender violence and work self-esteem and self-care in affected women because it has been shown that they constitute areas of imbalances in people.
The last table named: “Approaches to sexual rights and gender-based violence in Cuba”, was coordinated by the MSc. Manuel Vázquez Seijido, Head of the legal advisory group of CENESEX. It had a heterogeneous representation of specialists in legal areas.
MSc. Yamila González Ferrer, of the National Union of Jurists of Cuba, discussed the challenges in terms of families, domestic violence and law in the contemporary Cuban spaces and disputed the idea that only women are responsible for the destinations of each home, beyond the complexity of family structures.
Tania de Armas Fonticoba stated that few times Criminology seems to conceptualize gender violence, even though the holistic and inclusive of this discipline nature could contribute to recent studies in this area.
“Criminological thinking is necessary to address gender-based violence that guide the analysis and interpret the law from the legal discipline, without prejudices, myths, or sexist approaches “, she said.
Other topics were violence in work spaces and the usefulness of the Labour Code and Cuban Penal Code in confronting gender-based violence in different scenarios of everyday life.
Despite the high technical level of this panel, it was promoted an intense debate on the eradication of the violence from rights and the reflection to minimize the social, legal and economic consequences of the victims.